Identification of flavonoids of Wheatgrass (Triticum aestivum L.) at various stages of growth and evaluation of their Antioxidant Activity

  1. Maria Adhikary1,
  2. Biswatrish Sarkar2,
  3. Kunal Mukhopadhyay1*

Authors Affiliation(s)

  • 1Department of Bio-Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi 835215 Jharkhand, INDIA
  • 2Department of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi 835215 Jharkhand, INDIA

Can J Biotech, Volume 1, Special Issue, Page 159, DOI:

*Corresponding author:


Wheatgrass are 6-10 days young plantlet of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Ethopharmacologically, the wheatgrass is recognized for its anti-aging and other health promoting properties. This study was aimed at identifying the phytochemical composition of wheatgrass (var. Chinese Spring) and evaluating its antioxidant potentials at different stages of growth (5th, 7th, 9th, 11th, 13th, 15th day). Phytochemical components were extracted with methanol and total phenolic contents (TPC) and total flavonoid contents (TFC) of the extracts were evaluated. DPPH (1,1ꞌ- diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl), bleaching of β-carotene and metal chelating activity was used to assess the antioxidant activity of the extract and further correlated with TPC and TFC. Based on comparison of IC50 data, DPPH radical scavenging activity of the extract was found to be best at 7th day of the growth and equivalent to standard gallic acid. The extract exhibited excellent metal chelating activity and β-carotene bleaching property on 9th day of growth and the IC50 corresponded with standard ascorbic acid and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), respectively. Preliminary screening with thin layer chromatography identified the probable flavonoids which could be quercetin, rutin or myricetin and their glcycosides. Significant correlation between antioxidant activity with TPC and TFC ascertained that phenolics and flavonoids were the major contributors of antioxidant activity.