- Original research papers
Original research papers that have not been published anywhere earlier except as an abstract/summary will be considered. Although, there is no page limit but preferably it must not exceed 20 pages (1.5 line spaced, 12 point font in Times New Roman) of text including references in single space and should not contain more than 10 figures/tables.
- Short research papers
Short research papers are 3 to 4 pages (1.5 line spaced, 12 point font in Times New Roman) articles with 5 to 10 references in single space and one or two tables/ figures.
- Review papers
These papers are not expected to have experimental data by the authors. These papers must include discussion of papers published and data acquired in a specific area. It is preferable to have 20 to 40 pages (1.5 line spaced, 12 point font in Times New Roman) including up to 150 references in single space. These papers may have few figures/ tables whose number must not exceed 10.
- Minireview papers
Minireviews are brief historical perspectives, or summaries of developments in fast-moving areas covered in any field of biological sciences/ bioinformatics/ chemical sciences. The review must be based on published articles. The objective must be to provide a concise summary of a particular field in a manner comprehensible to all types of readers. A minireview may be of 10 to 15 pages (1.5 line spaced, 12 point font in Times New Roman) including up to 80 references in single space. These papers may have few figures/ tables whose number must not exceed 04.
Brief guidelines for preparation of the paper
The title page should contain a brief title, name(s) of author(s) and their affiliations. The title must not have any abbreviations and it should reflex the contents of the paper. All affiliations should be provided with a lower-case superscript letter just after the author’s name.
The name of the corresponding author should be indicated with a star indicator ( * ). The telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) along with full postal address and e-mail address should be provided.
The abstract must be concise and informative. It must not exceed 300 words in length. It must briefly describe the purpose of the work, techniques and methods used, the major findings with important data and conclusions. No references should be cited in this part. Generally, non-standard abbreviations should not be used.
Immediately after the abstract, about 5-8 keywords must be given. Use of abbreviations must be avoided. However, standard abbreviations, well known in the area may be used, if appropriate.
Non-standard abbreviations must be listed and full form of each abbreviation must be given in parentheses at first use in the text.
It must have a factual background, clearly defined problem, proposed solution, a brief literature survey and justification of the work done.
Materials and Methods
Please provide sufficient information to allow the experiment to be reproduced. Already published methods must be mentioned with references. Significant modifications of published methods and new methods must be described.
Results and Discussion
Results must be clearly described in a concise manner. Results for different parameters may be described using subheadings or in separate paragraph. Table or figure numbers should be mentioned in parentheses for clarity.
The discussion must not repeat the results, but must provide detailed interpretation of data. This must interpret the significance of the findings of the work. Citations must be given in support of the findings. The results and discussion part may also be given separately, if desired.
Tables & Figures
Tables and figures (with natural numbers) must be placed inside the text.
Tables must be explanatory for clarity and must be understandable without text reference. One and a half spacing must be maintained throughout the table, including table headings and footnotes. Table headings must be placed above the table. Footnote(s), if any must be placed below the table with superscript lowercase letters.
Each figure must have a legend. The legend must be concise and typed below the figure. It must be quoted as Fig. followed by number (1, 2, 3 and so on). Figures must be self-explanatory. Information presented in the figure must not be repeated in the table. All symbols and abbreviations used in the illustrations must be defined clearly.
It must be briefly stated with major findings of the study. It must not be the repetition of the Abstract.
A brief acknowledgement may be given after the conclusion. The acknowledgments of persons who provided assistance in manuscript preparation, funding for research, etc. must be mentioned under Acknowledgements. All sources of funding must be declared as an acknowledgement.
Conflict of Interest
Declaration of conflict of interest is essential. All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. If there exists no conflict of interest, then Authors must mention ‘No conflict of interest exists’.
Ethical Approval (Wherever applicable)
If the study involves human/animal subjects, there must be an approval from the Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC) as per law of the author’s country. Journal Management will not be responsible for any lapse on part of the authors. If applicable, evidence of approval must be provided.
References must be listed at the end of the manuscript and numbered in the order they appear in the text. Every reference referred in the text must also present in the reference list and vice versa. In the text, citations must be indicated by the reference number in brackets .
Only published or accepted manuscripts must be included in the reference list. Articles submitted for publication, unpublished findings and personal communications must not be included in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text.
All references should follow the following style:
Reference to a journal
For Published paper
Garg, S., Timm, T., Mandelkow, E.M., Mandelkow, E. and Wang, Y. (2011) Cleavage of Tau by calpain in Alzheimer’s disease: the quest for the toxic 17 kD fragment. Neurobiol Aging 32: 1-14.
Maheshwari, P. and Kumar, A. (2010) RAPD analysis of UB-B induced variation in somaclones of Veronia cinerea. Genes Genomes Genomics 4: 58-64.
For Accepted, unpublished papers
Same as above, but “In press” must be written instead of the page numbers.
Reference to a book
Kumar, A. and Garg, N. (2006) Genetic Engineering. Nova Science Publishers, New York.
Authored chapter in edited publication
Kumar, A., Garg, S. and Garg, N. (2015) ‘Regulation of gene expression’. In Synthetic Biology- Advances in Molecular Biology and Medicine. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co KGaA press, Weinheim, Germany, Vol. 1: 61-119.
Kumar, A., Rathore, R.S., Singh, R.K. and Garg, S. (2008) ‘Proteomics studies to understand the molecular basis of stress tolerance in plants’. In Plant Genomics and Bioinformatics (Rao GP, Wagner CV, Singh RK, Sharma ML, Eds). Studium Press LLC, Texas, USA, 271-301.
Reference to Web-resource or Electronic articles
Hugo, J.T. and Mondal, S.C. Parallels between tissue repair and embryo morphogenesis: a conceptual framework. Global Health 2006, 16: 4. Accessed 29 March 2012. Available: http://www.globalizationandhealth.com/
Anonymous. Parallels between tissue repair and embryo morphogenesis: a conceptual framework. Global Health 2006, 16: 4. Accessed 29 March 2012. Available: http://www.globalizationandhealth.com/
Nomenclature and Units
Internationally accepted rules and the international system of units (SI) must be used. If other units are mentioned, please indicate their equivalent in SI.
For biological nomenclature, the conventions of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria, and the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature must be followed.
Scientific names of all biological creatures (crops, plants, insects, birds, mammals, etc.) must be mentioned in parentheses at first use of their English term.
Chemical nomenclature, as per International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and the official recommendations of the IUPAC-IUB Combined Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature must be followed. All biocides and other organic compounds must be identified by their Geneva names when first used in the text. Active ingredients of all formulations must be likewise identified.
All equations/formulae incorporated in the text must be numbered serially at the right-hand side in parentheses. Meaning of all symbols must be given just after the equation at first use. Subscripts and superscripts must be presented clearly. Variables must be presented in italics. Greek letters and non-Roman symbols must be described in the margin at their first use.
Submission of a manuscript undoubtedly will be understood that: the work has not been published before or is not under consideration for publication elsewhere (except as an abstract or as part of an academic thesis); consent for its publication has been given by all authors and after accepted for publication it will not be submitted for publication anywhere else, in English or in any other language. It is mandatory for the authors to ensure that no material submitted as part of a manuscript infringes existing copyrights, or the rights of a third party.
The copyrights of all papers published in this journal are retained by the respective authors as per the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). The author(s) are expected to ensure the integrity of the paper and related works.
Authors may submit the Manuscript in both MS-Word as well as in PDF files through email (firstname.lastname@example.org). For documents to be submitted along with the manuscript, please check Manuscript Submission. After submission, a manuscript number will be communicated to the corresponding author within 72 hours.
For submission related problems or all other correspondence, please contact the editorial office (email@example.com).
All papers submitted will be peer reviewed as per policy of the journal. Manuscript will be sent for reviewing to three independent reviewers. In case of difference of opinion of the reviewers, decision of the editor/editorial board member will be final.
A PDF file of proof will be sent to the corresponding author as an e-mail attachment. Authors will be asked to check any typographical or minor clerical errors in the manuscript at this stage. No other major alteration in the manuscript will be allowed free of charge. After publication authors can freely access the full text of the article as well as can download and print the PDF file.
Fees and Charges
Since it is an open access online journal having no financial support from any Government agency/ society, authors are expected to pay nominal processing fee after acceptance of the paper. Authors from developed countries will be charged US$250 and from the developing countries US$150. Under exceptional circumstances, the processing fee can be reduced.
*Papers from the Canadian labs will be given 40% rebate. Therefore, for papers from Canadian labs US$150 will be the processing fee for the publication.